English Grammar

The Basics of English Language


Passive Voice for MODALS

 

Passive voice for Present/Future Modals
“CAN, MAY, MIGHT, SHOULD, MUST, OUGHT TO”

  • The places of subject and object in sentence are inter-changed in passive voice.
  • 3rd form of verb (past participle) will be used only (as main verb) in passive voice.
  • To change sentences having present/future modal into passive voice, auxiliary verb “be” is added after modal in sentence.

                                    Passive voice for Present/Future Modals

                             “CAN, MAY, MIGHT, SHOULD, MUST, OUGHT TO”

Auxiliary verb in passive voice: be

Active voice: CAN
She can play a violin.
She cannot play a violin.
Can she play a violin?

Passive voice: CAN BE
A violin can be played by her.
A violin cannot be played by her.
Can a violin be played by her?

Active voice: MAY
I may buy the computer.
I may not buy the computer.
May I buy the computer?

Active voice: MAY BE
The computer may be bought by me.
The computer may not be bought by me.
May the computer be bought by me?

Active voice: MIGHT
Guests might play chess.
Guests might not play chess.

Active voice: MIGHT BE
Chess might be played by guests.
Chess might not be played guests.

Active voice: SHOULD
Students should study all lessons.
Students should not study all lessons.
Should students study all lessons?

Active voice: SHOULD BE
All lessons should be studied by students.
All lessons should not be studied by students.
Should all lessons be studied by students?

Active voice: MUST
You must learn the test-taking strategies.
You must not learn the test-taking strategies.

Active voice: MUST BE
Test-taking strategies must be learnt by you.
Test-taking strategies must not be learned by you.

Active voice: OUGHT TO
They ought to take the examination.

Active voice: OUGHT TO BE
The examination ought to be taken by them.

Passive voice for Past Modals
“MAY HAVE, MIGHT HAVE, SHOULD HAVE, MUST HAVE, OUGHT TO HAVE”

  • The places of subject and object in sentence are inter-changed in passive voice.
  • 3rd form of verb (past participle) will be used only (as main verb) in passive voice.
  • To change sentences having past modal into passive voice, auxiliary verb “been” is added after modal in sentence.

                                 Passive voice for Present/Future Modals
 “MAY HAVE, MIGHT HAVE, SHOULD HAVE, MUST HAVE, OUGHT HAVE TO”

Auxiliary verb in passive voice: been

Active voice: MAY HAVE
You may have availed the opportunity.
You may not have availed the opportunity.

Active voice: MAY HAVE BEEN
The opportunity may have been availed by you.
The opportunity may not have been availed by you.

Active voice: MIGHT HAVE
He might have eaten meal.
He might not have eaten meal.

Active voice: MIGHT HAVE BEEN
Meal might have been eaten by him.
Meal might not have been eaten by him.

Active voice: SHOULD HAVE
You should have studied the book.
You should not have studied the book.

Active voice: SHOULD HAVE BEEN
The book should have been studied by you.
The book should have not been studied by you.

Active voice: MUST HAVE
He must have started job.
He must not have started job.

Active voice: MUST HAVE BEEN
Job must have been started by you.
Job must not have been started by you.

Active voice: OUGHT TO HAVE
You ought to have helped him.

Active voice: OUGHT TO HAVE BEEN
He ought to have been helped by you

 

RELEVANT LINKS

  1. Passive Voice for TENSES
  2. Passive Voice for Imperative Sentences
  3. Sentence which can't be changed into Passive