General Knowledge

GENERAL KNOWLEDGE OF COMPUTER in FPSC PPSC NTS Test

GENERAL KNOWLEDGE OF COMPUTER Repeated questions in FPSC PPSC NTS





Half byte = 1nibble = 4 bits

Bit means Binary Digit

1 byte = 8 bits

1 mega byte = 1048576 bytes

1 kilo byte = 1024 bytes

A combination of 16 bits are called word.

A terabyte = 1 trillion bytes

Our PC belongs to 4th generation

Fred Cohen coined the word computer virus

First computer virus was created in 1970 at Bell laboratories

WORM means Write Once Read Many

Power of a super computer is measured in FLOPS (Floating Point Operations per Second)

WWW/http: (hypertext transfer protocol) was created by Tim Burner Lee in 1992

Intel means Integrated Electronics

1 worksheet contains 256 columns

G.W.Basic G.W stands for Gate Way

Super Computer was created by J.H.Van Tassel

CORBA is Common Object Request Broker Architecture

URL is Uniform or Universal Resource Locator

Intel invented RAM chip

Information stored on disk as series of bumps on its shiny side.

DVDs hold more information than CDs. They use smaller bumps and have two reflective layers

Recordable CDs do not have bumps. There are patches of color on disk to change the reflected laser light

In 1951 Univac – 1, the world’s first commercial computer was designed by John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert. They built ENIAC, the first electronic computer in 1946

In 1968 mainframe was built.

In 1976 first supercomputer the Cray-1 was developed

In 1981 IBM produce the IBM PC.

In 1998 IBM made quantum computer

Super computers uses parallel processing

In 1974, computer games were introduced.

PROM is the abbreviation of programmable read only memory



What was the world’s first high level programming language 1957: IBM FORTRAN

A JPEG is a picture file format - what does JPEG stand for: Joint Photographic Experts Group

During World War II, IBM built the computers the Nazis used to manage their death/concentration camps

Registers are temporary storage areas within the CPU.

First apple computer was built in garage.

The language of small talk is object oriented.

Shell is an operating environment.

Virtual memory is also known as virtual page.

NOS refer to operating systems for a network.

In EBCDIC each character is denoted by 8 bits.

Diodes are used in analog computer circuits as limiter.

Wetware stands for any organic intelligence.

GIGO stands for garbage in garbage out.

Application of flip-flap are counters, shift register and transfer register.

Bootstrap is associated with computer.

FORTRAN stands for formula translator.

A group of character that is termed as a single entity is called word.

Clip art is a computer prepared art.

Mark sensing is another term for OMR.

Authorization to make multiple software copies is called site licensing.

Antivirus is also known as vaccines.

Free software is also known as public domain software.

In computer DFD stands for Data Flow Diagram.

Cyber Space is called to Virtual world of the computer.

What does the sun in SUN Microsystems stand for Stanford University Network

What does Intel stand for- Integrated Electronics

All PCs have a BIOS what does bios stand for-Basic Input Output System

What is the common name for an integrated circuit A Chip

In WWW terms what does i.e. mean on a domain name-Ireland

What company introduced the first commercial minicomputer 65 DEC

Name the first web browser publicly available NCSA Mosaic

The world’s most powerful super computer is called ASCI white.

World Wide Web was invented in 1993 by Tim Bareness Lee.

The B-programming language was developed by Ken Thompson.

The 1st commercially produced and sold computer (1951) was UNIVAC.

The transformation from heavy computers to PCs was made possible using microprocessors.

The first microprocessor was developed in 1971 by Intel.

A pentium 4 (P-4) employs roughly 40 million transistors.

Mark-1, Apple-1, and collossus were initial desktop computers.

Binary digits are briefed as bit.

A collection of bits is called byte.

The first home computer (1977), which was sold in millions of units was Apple II.

‘PARAM’ is a supercomputer.

Father of the Computer.. Charles Babbage

What does CMOS stand for in a computer- Complimentary metal Oxide semi-conducto

Past Questions

About Islam

  1. Important Questions about Islamic Studies
  2. Hazrat Muhammad PBUH
  3. General Knowledge About Hazrat Muhammad PBUH Life
  4. Wives of Hazrat Muhammad PBUH
  5. Important Islamic History Events
  6. Important points of The Holy Quran
  7. Al-Quran MCQs
  8. About SAHABA KARAM
  9. Namaz
  10. Zakat
  11. Fasting (Roza)
  12. Imortant Article of Faith and Fundamental of ISLAM
  13. Important Islamic terms and Places
  14. Islamic Months of Years
  15. General Knowledge-Heavenly Books
  16. Important Angles
  17. Ashra-e-Mubrashra
  18. Reign Of 4 Caliphates(Khulafa Rashideen)
  19. Famous Islamic Generals
  20. Famous Islamic Battles
  21. Important Personalities and Their Titles in Islam
  22. Famous Muslim Scientists

  23. PPSC GENERAL KNOWLEDGE
  24. PPSC PAST Papers General Knowledge Questions


  25. About World

  26. World Records
  27. World Records (Guniees Book)
  28. 7 Wonders of the World
  29. Inventions and Inventors
  30. Important Facts of Worlds
  31. Important Places Of World
  32. Important Awards Of World
  33. Top 10 Languages of World
  34. Highest Military Awards of World
  35. Important Geographical Lines of World
  36. World Imortant National Days
  37. Importnat Religions of World
  38. Important Political terms and concepts
  39. Important News Agency of the World
  40. About UNO
  41. Organs of UNO
  42. Important Specialized agency of the UNO
  43. World Country with Capitals & Currency
  44. Famous Name of Places(Country)

  45. About Pakistan
  46. Basic Information About Pakistan
  47. Districts of Pakistan
  48. RIVERS OF PAKISTAN
  49. The Largest in Pakistan
  50. The Longest and Tallest in Pakistan
  51. Mountain Passes in Pakistan
  52. Chairman Senate and seats Distibutions of Pakistan
  53. Chief Justices of Pakistan
  54. Pakistan Affairs
  55. Who is First in PAKISTAN
  56. PAKISTAN GOVERNOR GENERALS
  57. PAKISTAN Presidents
  58. PAKISTAN Prime Ministers
  59. Attorney Generals of Pakistan
  60. State Bank Governors of pakista
  61. Army Chiefs of PAKISTAN
  62. Federal Cabinet of PAKISTAN
  63. Location of important Metalic and Non Metalic Minerals
  64. Constitutional Amedments Since 1973
  65. Army,PAF and Navy Officer Ranks
  66. Who is Who and What is What

  67. MOUNTAINS
  68. IMPORTANT MOUNTAIN PASSES
  69. OCEANS
  70. FAMOUS SEA PORTS
  71. FAMOUS STRAITS
  72. WORLD RIVERS
  73. FAMOUS ISLANDS
  74. FAMOUS DESERTS
  75. CITIES ON RIVER BANKS
  76. GEOGRAPHICAL DISCOVERIES
  77. WORLD COUNTRIES
  78. GENERAL KNOWLEDGE ABOUT WORLD
  79. IMPORTANT PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
  80. Ten LARGEST COUNTRIES BY AREA
  81. IMPORTANT ABBREVIATIONS
  82. IMPORTANT UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
  83. IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT RAYS AND WAVES
  84. IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT UNIVERSE
  85. NOBLE PRIZE
  86. NATIONAL EMBLEM
  87. FAMOUS EPITHETS
  88. IMPORTANT GEOGRAPHICAL LINES OF WORLD
  89. About Science
  90. Basic Geometry Math Defination
  91. Important Units of Measurments
  92. Basic Scientific Questions