Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Offical Name:Islamic Republic of Pakistan
President: Asif Ali Zardari (2008)
Prime minister: Raja Pervez Ashraf (2012)
Land area: 300,664 sq mi (778,720 sq km)
Total area:310,401 sq mi (803,940 sq km)
Population (2010 est.): 177,276,594
(growth rate: 1.5%);
birth rate: 25.0/1000;
infant mortality rate: 65.3/1000;
life expectancy: 65.3;
density per sq mi: 215
Karachi:11,819,000 (metro area), 9,339,023 (city proper)
Monetary unit: Pakistan rupee
Urdu 8% (understood & spoken by 90%)
and others 8%
Islam 97% (Sunni 77%, Shiite 20%)
Christian, Hindu, and other 3%
Literacy rate: 49.9% (2005 est.)
Economic summary GDP/PPP (2009 est.): $449.3 billion;
per capita $2,600.
Real growth rate: 2.7%.
Unemployment: 15.2% plus substantial underemployment.
Arable land: 25%.
cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; milk, beef, mutton, eggs.
Labor force: 46.84 million; note: extensive export of labor, mostly to the Middle East, and use of child labor; agriculture 42%, industry 20%, services 38% (2004 est.).
textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp.
land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone.
Exports: $17.87 billion (2009 est.): textiles (garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, yarn), rice, leather goods, sports goods, chemicals, manufactures, carpets and rugs.
Imports: $28.31 billion (2009 est.):
petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics, transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel, tea.
Major trading partners:
U.S., UAE, UK, Germany, Hong Kong, Saudi Arabia, China, Japan, Kuwait (2004).
main lines in use: 2.861 million (March 1999);
mobile cellular: 158,000 (1998).
Radio broadcast stations:
AM 27, FM 1, shortwave 21 (1998).
Radios: 13.5 million (1997).
Television broadcast stations: 22 (plus seven low-power repeaters) (1997).
Televisions: 3.1 million (1997).
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 30 (2000).
Internet users: 1.2 million (2000).
Transportation: Railways: total: 8,163 km (2002). Highways: total: 254,410 km; paved: 109,396 km (including 339 km of expressways); unpaved: 145,014 km (1999). Ports and harbors: Karachi, Port Muhammad bin Qasim. Airports: 124 (2002).
International disputes: thousands of Afghan refugees still reside in Pakistan; isolating terrain and close ties among Pashtuns in Pakistan make cross-border activities difficult to control; armed stand-off with India over the status and sovereignty of Kashmir continues—India objects to Pakistan ceding lands to China in 1965 boundary agreement that India believes are part of disputed Kashmir; disputes with India over Indus River water sharing and the terminus of the Rann of Kutch, which prevents maritime boundary delimitation.