English Grammar

The Basics of English Language

Kinds of Sentence

            A group of word that expresses a complete idea or thought is called a sentence.
He bought a book.
The above group of words “He bought a book” expresses a complete though hence it is a sentence. A sentence begins with capital letter and ends with a period, question mark or exclamation mark.


Kinds of sentences


There are four kinds of sentences.


Assertive or Declarative Sentence

      A sentence that makes a statement or assertion is called an assertive or declarative sentence. Assertive sentence ends with a period.

       He goes to school
       He likes to play chess.
       They are singing a song.


Interrogative Sentence

A sentence that asks a question is called an interrogative sentence. Interrogative sentence ends with question mark.

       Where are you going?
       Do you use your laptop?


Imperative Sentence

A sentence that expresses a request, command or advice is called an imperative sentence.

       Open the door.   (an order)
       Please help me.  (a request)


Exclamatory Sentence

A sentence that expresses strong feelings or emotions is called an exclamatory sentence. These sentences express surprise, joy, sorrow, appreciation, love excitement, frustration, anger etc. An exclamatory sentence ends with exclamation mark.

       What a beautiful flower it is!
       How nicely she is singing!
       That is fantastic!
       Hurrah! We won the match!