English Grammar

The Basics of English Language


Preposition

 

Preposition is a word that shows relation between noun or pronoun and the other words in sentence.

 

e.g. in, on, at, to, with, under, above, into, by, of etc

 

Preposition is always used before a noun or pronoun and shows the relation of the noun or pronoun to the other words in sentence. The following examples will help in better understanding.

Example.

Subject + Verb

Preposition

Noun

The cat was sleeping

on

table

He lives

in

Paris

She looked

at

Stranger.

He will come

in

January.

Wedding ceremony will be held

on

20th December.

I was waiting

for

you

Someone is knocking

at

The door.

She came

by

bus.

 

Prepositions show many relations (for different nouns) in sentence. On the basis of relation they show, preposition may be divided into following categories.

 

  • Preposition for time e.g. in, on, at, etc.
  • Preposition for place e.g. in, on, at, etc
  • Preposition for direction e.g. to, towards, into, through etc.
  • Preposition for agent e.g. by
  • Preposition for device, instrument or machines. e.g. on, by, with, etc.
  • Prepositions used after verbs to make prepositional verb. e.g. look at, look after, laugh at

 

Types of Preposition

 

The types of preposition are as follows:

1. Preposition for Time
2. Preposition for Place
3. Preposition for Direction
4. Preposition for Agent
5. Preposition for Instrument
6. Prepositional Phrase

 

RELEVANT LINKS

  1. Types of Preposition: Preposition for Time, Preposition for Place
  2. Preposition for Direction, Preposition for Agent, Prepositional Verb
  3. Preposition Phrases