English Grammar

The Basics of English Language



A group of words which expresses a complete idea or thought is called a sentence.


He bought a car.


The above group of word expresses a complete idea. Such combination of words is called a sentence.

Now, look at another group of words “book a read him”. This group of words does not make a complete sense so it cannot be called a sentence.

A sentence is a combination of words including a subject and a verb which express a complete idea. A sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a period, question mark or exclamation mark.


             He goes to school.
             She is eating an apple.
             My name is John.
             What are you doing?
             Who are you?
             What a beautiful flower!