English Grammar

The Basics of English Language


Use of adverbs, Formation of Adverb

 

Adverb is a word which modifies (gives more information about) a verb or adjective or other adverb.

 

For example,
    He replied.
    He replied quickly.

 

The word “quickly” is an adverb which gives more information about verb “reply” in the above example. The adverb “quickly” in above example tells us about the verb “reply” that the reply was given quickly or with no time delay.
Similarly an adverb may also modify adjective or other adverb or other part of speech except the noun.

 

Examples (adverbs modifying verbs).  
     He was driving carelessly.
     John can speak French fluently.
     They live happily.
     Marry is laughing loudly.
     He goes to school daily.
     We sometimes get confused.
     He met me yesterday.
     Guests will come here.

 

Examples (adverbs modifying adjectives).
Note:  The bold words (in following examples) are adverbs and the underlined words are adjectives.  

      It is a very difficult problem.
      He is seriously ill.
      This book is really nice.
      The story of “crazy man” was truly funny.
       You are too weak to walk.

 

Examples (adverbs modifying other adverbs).  
Note:  The bold word (in following examples) is an adverb and underlined word is the other adverb.  

     John drives very slowly.
     He was talking too much angrily.
     He ran fast enough to catch the bus.
     They live very happily.

Formation of adverb

  1. Most of adverbs are formed by adding “-ly” to adjectives. For example, happily, easily, quickly, angrily, correctly, fluently, proudly, loudly, rapidly, immediately etc
  1. A few adverbs exists without “-ly”. For example, fast, slow, deep, far, hard, high, wrong, right, low, well, tight, straight, there, here, close, late, very, too, not

Examples.

Adverbs of Manner

Adverbs of Place

Adverbs of Time

Adverbs of Frequency

Happily Here Now Sometimes
Sadly There Then Often
Easily Near Yesterday Usually
Rudely Somewhere Today Seldom
Loudly Outside Tomorrow Frequently
Fluently Inside Late Daily
Rapidly Ahead Early Generally
Angrily High Again Occasionally
Greedily Top Tonight Again and again
Wildly Bottom Soon Never

 

Types/Kinds of Adverb

 

Adverb modifies verb by giving us the following information.
How the action occurs
Where the action occurs
How many times action occur
At which time the action occurs
Intensity of action 

Adverbs are categorized on the basis of it information it gives, into the following categories.

  1. Adverbs of manner
  2. Adverb of place
  3. Adverb of time
  4. Adverb of frequency