FPSC, PPSC & NTS Past Papers

PPSC PSYCHOLOGIST (BS-17) Past papers


What procedure is used by experimenters to determine whether a difference between conditions of an experiment is large enough for us to have confidence in its validity?

a) Correlation coefficient

b) Scientific intuition

c) Statistical analysis

d) None of these

2) If one finds a positive correlation between degree of coffee drinking and the likelihood of heart attacks. One can conclude that:

a) Coffee drinking causes heart attack

b) Individuals prone to heart attacks are predisposed to drink a lot of coffee

c) An active life style of certain people causes heart attack

d) None of these

3) Someone whose corpus callosum has been cut will experience difficulty in:

a) Naming an object held in the left hand

b) Naming an object held in the right hand

c) Recognizing an object held in the left hand

d) Recognizing an object held in the right hand

4) Taste depends:

a) On < taste buds and the smell, temperature and texture of food

b) Only on one’s taste buds

c) Only on smell and texture of food

d) None of these

5) Smoking during pregnancy is associated with:

a) High intelligence in the fetus, since the fetus must be clever to keep the cigarette burning

b) Low birth weight

c) High mortality

d) Both B and C

6) The application of psychological theories, methods and techniques to solve practical human problems describes an area of psychology known as:

a) Social psychology

b) Para-psychology

c) Applied psychology

d) Humanistic psychology

7) Which of the following is not one of the factors, which tend to hinder the fairness of intelligence tests for lower class children?

a) Inappropriate norms

b) Items requiring certain experience

c) Test assume test-taking skills

d) Test givers bias the result

8) As E scores of I-E scale show a general trend upward:

a) People show more reserve suspicion and withdrawal

b) Assassinations and events like Watergate and Vietnam increase

c) The ability for people to openly express themselves decrease

d) Both A and C

9) In ancient times, who supposedly inhibited the body and soul of a “crazy” person?

a) God

b) A saint

c) The devil

d) None of these




10) “Double approach-avoidance” conflict is:

a) Approaching a problem from two different angles

b) A doubly strong tendency to approach an object

c) Being faced with a choice between two equally attractive goals

d) Choosing between two equally attractive objects such that the choice of one means giving up the other

11) “Delusion” refer to:

a) Thoughts or beliefs that have no basis in reality

b) Feelings that have no basis in reality

c) Behaviors that have no basis in reality

d) None of these

12) The basic assumption of humanistic theories include:

a) Humans are basically good and worthy

b) Humans are basically bad and unworthy and thus have to be reconditioned using learning principles

c) There is a natural growth process that can be blocked by bad condition

d) Both A and C

13) Rotter’s social learning theory emphasizes the following:

a) Behavioral potential

b) Expectancy

c) A reinterpretation of Freud’s theory

d) Both A and B

14) “Human beings respond to their subjective cognitions about their world rather than to the objective environment” is an argument for the effectiveness of:

a) Primal therapy

b) Freudian therapy

c) Cognitive therapy

d) Rankian therapy

15) How can morality covertly enter the therapy session?

a) By having ministers take over the role of therapist

b) By the use of techniques to alter a sexual preference

c) By allowing an insane person into therapy

d) By allowing philosophers of ethics to become therapists

16) Research on the role of reinforcement in insight therapy has found that:

a) It does not play a role

b) It does play a role

c) It has an effect only on dependent patients

d) It plays a role in highly structured therapy situation

17) The notion that aggression can be reduced by allowing angry individuals to engage harmless activities that allow them to “blow off self esteem” is:

a) Frustration-aggression hypothesis

b) Displacement hypothesis

c) Sublimation hypothesis

d) Catharsis hypothesis

18) A person behavior is usually attributed to external causes when all but one of the following conditions exist:

a) Others act in the same way

b) The person acts the same way at other times

c) The person acts differently in other situations

d) The person seems aware of the environment

19) A study of gastric ulceration in response to stress produced by shock found that the most ulceration was shown by rates who:

a) Only heard a tone but received no shock

b) Received varying levels of shock

c) Could predict the onset of shock

d) Could not predict the onset of shock

20) Studies of crowding have found that crowding:

a) Depends only on physical density

b) Affects mainly females

c) Can intensify feelings

d) Has negative effects only among the elderly

2) 1) Developmental psychologists believe that two factors that influence human development are:

a) Motivation and emotion

b) Self and others

c) Genetic makes up and experience

d) Rewards and punishments

2) Motor skills are largely a result of:

a) Learning

b) Maturational process

c) Practice

d) Observing other

3) In Piaget’s theory, the first two years of life are called the —– stages:

a) Paralinguistic

b) Exploratory

c) Sensorimotor

d) Preoperational

4) Learning theories explain attachment of infants to their parents in items of:

a) Conditioning

b) Observational learning

c) The maturation of perceptual skills

d) Cognitive development

5) Freud was among the first to suggest that abnormal behavior:

a) Can have a hereditary basis

b) Is not the result of demonic possession

c) Is psychology caused

d) Can result from biological factors

6) Which of the following is not a common symptom of the depression?

a) Insomnia

b) Delusions

c) Poor appetite

d) Lethargy

7) Gradual exposure to actual feared situation is called:

a) Cognitive desensitization

b) In vivo desensitization

c) Flooding

d) Breaking of resistance

8) Rotational –emotive therapy is a type of:

a) Psychoanalysis

b) Client-centered therapy

c) Cognitive –behavior therapy

d) Behavior therapy

9) The concept of intelligence is closely related to:

a) Motivation

b) Learning

c) Perception

d) Cognition

10) Most IQ tests assess:

a) Academic motivation

b) Convergent thinking

c) Perceptual motor skills

d) Creativity

11) Addictive disorders include:

a) Alcoholism and drug addiction

b) Overeating

c) Sociopathalogy

d) All the above

12) Seizures, confusions, delusions and hallucinations are symptoms of :

a) Advanced alcoholism

b) Delirium tremens

c) Alcoholic withdrawal

d) All of the above

13) The central concept in Gestalt therapy is:

a) Awareness

b) Self-fulfillment

c) Self-control

d) Desensitization

14) The techniques used in behavior modification:

a) Stress interpersonal interactions

b) Employ the principal of learning

c) Are capable to a very limited rang of psychological problems

d) All involve some sort of operant conditioning

15) Research has suggested that compulsive behavior persists because:

a) It reduces anxiety

b) There is some underlying conflict

c) Others begin to expect it

d) It diverts the attention of the individual from the problem

16) A perceptual experience, which is not grounded in reality, is called a/an:

a) Delusion

b) Illusionary images

c) Hallucinations

d) Spontaneous discharge of sensory neurons

17) The hallucinations of schizophrenic are most likely to be:

a) Auditory

b) Visual

c) Tactual

d) Olfactory

18) Among people with severe mood disorder, ——- is most common:

a) Mania

b) Depression

c) Manic-depression

d) Euphoria

19) Rogers believes that all of us are born with:

a) Unconditional positive regard

b) A drive for self fulfillment

c) A sense of individuality and uniqueness

d) A variety of incongruence, which must be resolved in infancy and early childhood

20) Tests that employ real life problems that the examinee is likely to face on the job are called:

a) Job tasks

b) Valid tests

c) Situational tests

d) Projective techniques

3) 1) The group in an experiment which receives no treatment is called:

a) Control group

b) Experimental group

c) No group

2) The portion of your nervous system which controls breathing and digestion is:

a) Axon

b) Autonomic

c) Linear circuit

d) None of these

3) The color, smell and feeling of the flowers are relayed through what part of brain:

a) Acetylcholine

b) Thalamus

c) Motor area

d) None of these

4) A hungry person would find food to be a:

a) Primary reinforcer

b) Secondary reinforcer

c) None of these

5) A psychologist explains you that learning can be best defined in terms of underlying thought process. What theory is being stated:

a) Social learning

b) Cognitive learning

c) Trial and error

d) None of these

6) According to Maslow, a person with no job, no friends and no house can be self actualized:

a) 100 percent yes

b) 100 percent no

c) None of these

7) A need to establish and maintain relationship with other people:

a) Achievement motivation

b) Need for affiliation

c) None of these

8) Term n-ach was introduced by:

a) Mc Cleland

b) Jung

c) Maslow

d) None of these

9) Repression refers to:

a) Primary defense mechanism

b) Regression

c) Frustration

d) None of these

10) Enduring dimensions of personality characteristics differentiating people from another is called:

a) Factor analysis

b) Trait

c) Determinism

d) None of these

11) The theory which suggests that people learn attitude by observing their own behavior is:

a) Operant conditioning

b) CR

c) Self-perception

d) None of these

12) Theory of cognitive dissonance is offered by:

a) Skinner

b) Bandura

c) Festinger

d) None of these

13) The ability to view the world in 3 dimensions and perceive distance is:

a) Depth perception

b) Illusion

c) Delusion

d) None of these

14) According to Bandura, one is socialized by:

a) Punishment

b) Observation

c) Food

d) None of these

15) Crowding causes increase in heart rate and the level of adrenaline:

a) No

b) Yes

16) Studies demonstrate that greater genetic similarity is associated with greater similarity of attitudes:

a) True

b) False

17) A theory that states that emotions are a join result of non-specific physiological arousal and interpretation of the arousal is called:

a) Two-factor theory of emotion

b) James-Lange theory of emotion

c) Bem’s theory of emotion d) None of these

18) Maintenance of an internal biological balance is called:

a) Instinct

b) Need

c) Homeostasis

d) None of these

19) The part of personality that provides a buffer between the id and the out side world is:

a) Super-ego

b) Ego

c) Ego-ideal

d) None of these

20) Specialized cells of nervous system carry:

a) Messages

b) Reflexes

c) Both (a) and (b)

d) None of the (a) and (b)

4) 1) The combination of responses or ideals in novel way is called:

a) Exploration

b) Creativity

c) Thinking

2) Group intelligence testing is better than individual testing:

a) True

b) False

3) Birth typically occurs after:

a) Forty weeks conception

b) Thirty eight weeks conception

c) Four weeks conception

d) None of these

4) Longitudinal researches investigate:

a) Behavior through times as subject age

b) Behavior of different ages are compared

c) None of these

5) The cause of abnormal behavior is only physiological, it is explained by:

a) Psycho model

b) Medical model

c) Psychosocial model

d) None of these

6) One abnormal behavior was associated with witch craft:

a) True

b) False

7) A feeling of apprehension or tension is:

a) Frustration

b) Panic

c) Anxiety

8) Which of the following treatments deal with phobias by gradual exposure?

a) Super ego control

b) Systematic desensitization

c) Reinforcement

d) Dreams

e) None of these

9) The operation of the brain’s neurotransmitters is altered because:

a) Use of LDS

b) Use of alcohol

c) None of these

10) Researches show that poor performance is the result of:

a) Poor conditions

b) Job satisfaction

c) Both (a) and (b)

d) None of these

11) Low job satisfaction is likely to bring about high absenteeism:

a) False

b) True

12) The term propinquity explains:

a) Geographical proximity

b) Why people affiliate with one another

c) Both (a) and (b)

d) None of these

13) Group think refers to:

a) Deterioration of mental efficiency

b) Deterioration of physical energy

c) Think tank

d) None of these

14) Main functions of stimulants are:

a) To alleviate tension

b) To provide energy and alertness

c) Prescribed for insomnia

d) None of these

15) Chromosomal anomalies can be recognized by slanting eyes and flat nose:

a) Down’s syndrome

b) PKU

c) Langdon Down’s syndrome

16) Characters disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive behavior are developed due to disturbed parent-child relation in the:

a) Later Oedipal phase

b) Paranoid stage

c) Libido

d) None of these

17) According to the Piaget, from 2 to 7 years of age, language is developed slowly and gradually this stage is called:

a) Preoperational stage

b) Egocentric stage

c) Sensorimator stage

d) None of these

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